National Initiatives

To promote tourism, Kazakhstan enforced a “Law on Tourism” (1992) that embraces virtually all types of tourism. The law also addresses key issues of tourism activities:

  • Legal
  • Economic
  • Social
  • Organizational

In addition to this law, the Government has adopted several enactments concerning tourism concerns, including a number of documents that regulate the licensing of tourism activities. In 1993, the National Program for developing Kazakhstan’s tourism industry was adopted, and in 1997, the Government passed the State Program of the Republic of Kazakhstan, designed to accomplish the following goals:

  • Regenerate historic centers of the Great Silk Route
  • Preserve and development the cultural legacy of Turkic-speaking states
  • Create the tourism infrastructure from 1997-2003.

Additionally, Kazakhstan became a member of the World Tourism Organization in 1993.
The Committee for Regulation of Trade and Tourist Activity, a branch of the Ministry for Industry and Trade, is the body that manages tourism in Kazakhstan. Certain executive departments and tourism representatives from other countries carry out the administration of this committee.

2In 1997, Kazakhstan created the Strategy of tourism development, intended to be intact through 2030. Today, 430 tourism agencies, firms, and bureaus of various property forms function effectively in the Republic of Kazakhstan. They employ nearly 6,000 people and 1,500 professional guides. Kazakhstan tourism firms cooperate with almost 80 countries of the world; approximately 25 tourism firms in Almaty and five in regional centers arrange charter flights to the following countries:

  • India
  • Turkey
  • The United Arab Emirates
  • Pakistan
  • South Korea
  • Greece
  • Poland.

1There are also cooperative agreements with the following places:

  • Turkey
  • Iran,
  • The Xinjang Uigur Autonomous Area of China
  • Moldova
  • Hungary
  • The State of Israel
  • Kyrghyzstan
  • Egypt

In addition to those already in place, Kazakhstan is in the process of making intergovernmental and interdepartmental agreements with other nations, including:

  • Croatia
  • Pakistan
  • Singapore

Kazakhstan has experienced a significant increase in United Kingdom tourists over the past few years, and with the recent visa simplification procedures (letters of invitation are no longer required of EU and US citizens) still greater numbers are expected.